If you are on insulin therapy, you may have to take a number of injections throughout the day to keep your blood sugar levels under control. These may include more than one type of insulin. So, it is important for you to understand the different ways to adjust (or titrate) your insulin dose and follow an insulin regimen.1,2
The starting dose of insulin will depend on various factors. For e.g. in case your A1C is less than 10%, but you still are not able to meet your blood sugar goals, you may be prescribed basal insulin (long-acting) along with other oral medicines. Your Insulin dose may vary with your weight. A simple weight based calculation can help you calculate your dose: e.g. Weight in kgs x 0.2. This means, if you weigh 70 kgs, your insulin dose will be 14 Units.3
Basal insulin is nothing but long-acting insulin that controls your blood glucose over a long time, when you are fasting, when you have no meals. Bolus on the other hand is a fast-acting insulin and is needed when your body needs some ‘extra’ insulin like wen you have a meal in cases when you are sick.2,4 You may need to take these two types of insulin to manage your blood sugar levels throughout the day.