TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE ASSOCIATED WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions that cause narrowing or blockage of blood vessels that can lead to heart attack, chest pain, and stroke (reduction in blood supply to the brain).1 Researches have shown that the risk of death due to a heart attack or stroke is twice as high in people with diabetes.2 So,it is important to understand how cardiovascular disease associated with diabetes is treated and prevented.

TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR A HEART DISEASE IN A PATIENT WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

The various treatment options for a heart disease in a patient with diabetes mellitus are mentioned below2

  • Aspirin therapy for reducing the risks of clots (that lead to heart attacks and strokes)
  • Changes in the diet (under the supervision of a dietician)
  • Medicines (to meet your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol goals)
  • Surgery

PREVENTION OF A HEART DISEASE IN A PATIENT WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Here are some simple steps to prevent a heart disease in a patient with diabetes mellitus2

  • Maintain your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.
  • Maintain your blood pressure around 140/90 mm Hg (with medications if needed).
  • Keep your cholesterol numbers under control (with medications if needed).
  • Exercise regularly and try to lose weight, especially in the belly area.
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet (take the advice of a dietician if necessary).
  • Quit smoking.
  • Practice meditation to relieve daily stress.
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