TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF A DIABETIC FOOT

One of the biggest risks to the feet of a patient with diabetes is INFECTION! The small cracks or cuts in the feet can be an entry point for bacteria and fungus. Both these organisms can thrive on the excess sugar present in the blood and cause potential infections of the feet. If such infections are not managed in time, they may convert into major infections which might warrant surgery to remove a part or whole of an affected limb.1

TREATMENT OF A DIABETIC FOOT

Diabetic Foot Care

The treatment of diabetic foot involves the following steps2

  • Offloading the wound that is to minimize or remove the weight placed on the foot to prevent or allowing the ulcer to heal.
  • Application of daily saline or similar dressings.
  • Debridement by removing the foreign bodies or damaged tissues from the wound.
  • Provision of antibiotic therapy if an infection is present.
  • Maintaining an optimum control of blood glucose as well as evaluation and correction of blood circulation issues in the feet.

PREVENTION OF A DIABETIC FOOT

Prevention for Diabetic Foot

The occurrence of foot-related complaints in a patient with diabetes can be prevented by the following measures1

  • Avoid going out barefoot as you may accidentally step on the rocks or small pieces of glass that could cut your feet. Prefer wearing slippers at home too.
  • Wear thick yet soft socks to shield your feet as you walk.
  • Wear shoes that fit well and are comfortable. Avoid wearing shoes that are very tight or very loose, as they may lead to blisters.
  • Ensure that the inside of your shoes is clean and free of any pebbles or debris.
  • Make sure that you dry your feet well after a bath.
  • Moisturize your skin; rub a lotion or petroleum jelly on your skin and heels to prevent them from cracking.
  • Wear socks in the bed if you feel cold in the night.
  • Keep your feet clean at all times.
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USA JONES

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USA JONES

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